Targeting Retirement: Investment Strategies for All Ages
- 20s & 30s – Time is on your side and generally you can be more aggressive with your investment approach because you have many years to weather market fluctuations.
- 40s & 50s – Consider using a growth and income investment approach to help balance retirement planning and other larger financial commitments
- 60s & 70s- As you approach retirement reduce risk in your portfolio, there is little time to recover the losses.
- 70s & Beyond – Ensure your accumulated assets continue to work for you through retirement.
Retirement: It's a happy eventuality for every working individual. While the true joy is in the destination, ensuring your visions are fulfilled requires proper planning and investing through each leg of the journey.
Ideally, saving and investing for retirement should begin the moment you start working — if not before — and continue well into your golden years. That said, your investment strategy is not static. It will necessarily be different on Day 1 than it is on D-day, and at every life stage in between. Following are general guidelines for each phase of the journey. Of course, you should discuss your particular situation with your financial professional, who is attuned to your individual goals and tolerance for risk, and can help identify the best strategies for you.
Starting Out (20s and 30s). When in your 20s and 30s, time is on your side. Because you have many years to weather market fluctuations, you generally can be more aggressive in your investment approach. Equities, which historically have provided greater long-term growth potential than bonds and cash instruments, are a popular choice early on — when laying a solid foundation for your retirement portfolio (one that can compound over time) is the chief objective.
On Your Way (40s and 50s). In your 40s and 50s, you may need to balance retirement planning with other large financial commitments, such as a child's college education. You still have time to grow your nest egg, but may require occasional capital outlays to meet more imminent obligations. A growth and income investment approach, with an allocation still favoring equities for capital appreciation, can be prudent at this stage. Investing in dividend-paying stocks can serve both purposes.
Approaching Retirement (60s and 70s). As you approach retirement, you will want to consider reducing risk in your portfolio. At this stage, there is limited time to recover from losses. Investors will generally allocate more of their assets to fixed income investments, which tend to be less volatile but historically have offered lower returns than stocks. Bonds and dividend-paying stocks are popular choices here because they offer the income needed once a regular paycheck is forgone.
Enjoying Retirement (70s and Beyond). With increasing life expectancies, you could conceivably spend 20 to 30 years in retirement. You want to ensure your accumulated assets continue to work for you, providing a regular stream of income. Your portfolio will likely be more conservative than ever. While this typically means a heavy weighting in bonds, you do not want to abandon equities, which provide the best means to keep your portfolio growing ahead of inflation. Being too conservative, particularly in today's low-interest-rate environment, can be as risky as being too aggressive.
Investment involves risks. Stock and bond values fluctuate in price so the value of your investment can go down depending on market conditions. The two main risks related to fixed income investing are interest-rate risk and credit risk. Typically, when interest rates rise, there is a corresponding decline in the market value of bonds. Credit risk refers to the possibility that the issuer of the bond will not be able to make principal and interest payments.
This material is provided for educational purposes only and does not constitute investment advice. The information contained herein is based on current tax laws, which may change in the future. BlackRock cannot be held responsible for any direct or incidental loss resulting from applying any of the information provided in this publication or from any other source mentioned. The information provided does not constitute any legal, tax or accounting advice. Please consult with a qualified professional for this type of advice.
© 2012 BlackRock, Inc. All Rights Reserved. BLACKROCK, BLACKROCK SOLUTIONS, and iSHARES are registered trademarks of BlackRock, Inc. All other trademarks are those of their respective owners.
Prepared by BlackRock Investments, LLC, member FINRA.
Let us do the work for you.
Can I put off to tomorrow?
Learn the true cost of waiting.
What kind of account is right for me?
Learn the differences between a 401(k) and types of IRAs.